Tunnel Engineering(8.隧道工程)

    Tunnelingwasprobablyoneofmansearliestexercisesinthefieldofcivilengineering.TheancientEgyptiansareknowntohavebuilttunnelsfortransportingwaterandforuseastombs.TheEgyptiansalsoundertookminingoperations,cuttingdeeptunnelstoexcavatecopperores.Todaytunnelsareusedforroad,rail,andpedestriantransport,forcarry......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Freeway Engineering(7.高速公路)

    Modernroadsystemsevolvedovermanyhundredsofyearsoutofthenetworkofroutesthatlinkedvillagesandtownshipsacrossthelengthandbreadthofeverycountry.Inearlytimes,thefarmerscartthreadeditswaybetweenfields,skirtingwoods,avoidingwater,andseekingthemostconvenientroutesacrosshillyground.Inmountainouscountry,thepri......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Road Building(6.铺筑道路)

    Thefirstroadsusedbypeoplewereprobablybeatenoutbythehoofsofanimalsastheymadetheirwaybetweenfeedingandwateringplaces.Routesthatbeganasmerecattletracksorhuntingandsupplytrailsdevelopedaftertheinventionofthewheelintoharder-wearingroadscrisscrossingtheancientworldandlinkinggreattrademarkets.TheRomansbuilt......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Modern Buildings(5.现代建筑)

    Thehighestbuildingconstructedby1975wasSearsRoebuckTowerinChicago.Itis443mtallwith110floors.Ithouses16,500peopleandhas103elevatorsand18escalators.Structuralengineershavecalculatedthatbuildingsupto3kmtallaretechnicallyfeasible.WhyhaveLargeBuildings?Thechiefreasonforconstructinglargebuildingshasbeentoma......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Material for Building(4.建筑材料)

    Shelterfromthenaturalelementsisabasicneed.Earlypeoplemetthisneedbydwellingincavesandthentheirdescendantsbegantoconstructbuildings.Keyfactorsinthedesignofthesesheltersweretheclimateandthematerialsavailable.Forexample,inhot,drycountrieshouseswithtinywindowsandthickwallsofmudwerebuilttokeepouttheheatand......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Moving Heavy Loads(3.重物搬运)

    Ordinarycranes,usedintheconstructionindustryorforloadingships,canliftweightsofupto200t.Butconsiderthefollowingproblems:aprefabricated1,500tsectionofaship(suchasthewholesuperstructureorthefrontpartofthebow)hastobeplacedinitsfinalposition;a6,000trockethastobemoved5kmtoitslaunchingsite;a7,000tsectionofa......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Machines for Lifting(2.起重设备)

    Thestrongestathletescanliftcloseto455kgjustofftheground,butfewordinarypeoplecanliftmorethanabout68kg.Earlymansoondevelopedmachinesforliftinglargestonesandtreetrunks.Asimpledeviceisasinglepulleywheelarrangedasahoist.Butaropearoundonepulleymerelychangesthedirectionofthepullandfrictioninthepulleysbearin......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Earth-Moving Machines(1.土方机械)

    EarlyEarth-MovingMachinesBuildingIronAgeforts,diggingcanals,makingrailroads,andconstructionmodernhighwayshaveallrequiredtheshiftingofhundredsoftonsofsoil.Asaresult,fromtheIronAgetothepresentmenhavedevisedvariousmachinesformovingearth.Oneoftheearliestearth-movingmachineswasthewheelbarrow,developedinCh......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Completion Certificates(18.完工证明)

    C:TodaywewouldliketosubmitourapplicationforthesectioncompletioncertificatesfortheTurbineGeneratorBuilding.Theearlyissuingofthecertificatewillbeverymuchappreciated.E:Inmyopinionitistooearlytoissuethesectioncompletioncertificateforthebuilding.C:I′mafraidIcannotagreewithyouatthispoint.Inaccordancewith......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语

Claims(17.索赔)

    E:Uptonowwehavereceived145nos.claimsfromyou.But,itishardtoconvinceusthatmostofyourclaimsarereasonable.C:Wethinktheyarereasonable.Firstofall,wewouldliketomakeitclearthattheclaimsarequitenormalthingsinconstructionfield.Itisjustlikethateverybodywillmakemistakeanditcanbecorrectedfromtimetotime.E:Aslongas......查看详细>>

标签:建筑施工英语
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