CiteSpace知识图谱的方法论功能

【关键词】:科学知识图谱;;方法论;;CiteSpace
【摘要】:科学知识图谱的概念和CiteSpace工具自引入国内学术界,就迅速得到了大量关注,相关文献犹如雨后春笋般见诸国内情报学、科学学和管理学等各种期刊。但我们通过阅读国内500多篇应用CiteSpace工具的论文,发现存在知识可视化工具"滥用"和"误用"的现象,其缘由在于使用者对该工具的方法论功能认识不足。为此,本文从四个方面阐释CiteSpace知识图谱的方法论功能:从CiteSpace工具的设计理念入手阐发其改变看世界方式的核心功能;从CiteSpace的理论基础阐述其对研究领域解释与预见上的理论功能;从CiteSpace使用流程阐明其方法论功能的实现;从CiteSpace的新近技术介绍其应用功能的扩展。我们期望CiteSpace知识图谱在探测学科前沿、选择科研方向、开展知识管理和辅助科技决策诸方面能够更好地发挥方法论的功能。
The concept of Mapping Knowledge Domains and the Cite Space( an information visualization tool) have been got a lot of attention quickly since they are introduced in domestic academia,the relevant literature spring up like mushroom in a variety of domestic academic journals in Information Science,Science of Science and Management. But we find the knowledge visualization tool is " abused" and " misused" seriously by reading more than 500 papers that applied Cite Space,which shows that academic circles are lack of sufficient understanding of the methodology function of Mapping Knowledge Domains. The paper explains the methodology function of Cite Space mapping from four following aspects,1) elucidate its core function,changing the way we see the world,from the design concept,2) elaborate on its theoretical function of interpretation and foresight to knowledge domain,3) clarify the realization of the methodology function from applied process,and 4) introduce its application function from newly technology extension. We expect Cite Space could better develop the function of methodology in detecting academic frontiers,choosing research directions,managing knowledge and making S&T decision.