转基因食品安全性评价研究进展

【关键词】:转基因食品;;安全性评价;;动物实验;;转基因植物;;安全标准化
【摘要】:自1996年以来,转基因作物的大规模商业化生产为人们带来了巨大的社会经济效益,但是转基因技术存在一定的风险性,因此加强转基因食品的安全性评价和标准化管理显得尤为迫切和重要。本文从营养学、毒理学、过敏性等方面综述了转基因食品的食用安全性评价,并多角度探讨了转基因食品安全性评价的关键问题,包括用不同动物实验评价转基因食品的食用安全性,新型转基因植物的安全性评价,以及转基因食品的食用安全标准化等,以期使读者对转基因食品的食用安全性有更加系统、全面的了解。
Since the large-scale commercialized production of genetically modified(GM) crops started in 1996, it has brought great socioeconomic benefits to human beings. Yet transgenic technology may give rise to certain risks, so it is urgent and important to strengthen the safety assessment and standard management of GM foods. In this paper, the safety evaluation contents of GM foods are summarized, including nutrition, toxicity, allergenicity, etc. What's more, the key issues of transgenic food safety evaluation, including different animal studies conducted to evaluate the safety of GM foods, food safety assessment of new types of transgenic plants and safety standardization of GM foods, are discussed from different pers pectives. The target of this paper is to enable the readers to have a more comprehensive understanding of food safety of GM foods.