多肉植物的景观应用及发展趋势

【关键词】:多肉植物;;栽培品种;;盆景;;景观应用
【摘要】:多肉植物因其形态别致、管理粗放、品种多样、易于繁殖、病虫害少和净化空气能力强等优点而越来越受到人们喜爱。介绍了多肉植物的概念、分类方法和景观应用特点,认为多肉植物是指植物营养器官的某一部分具有发达的薄壁组织用以贮藏水分和养分、在外形上显得肥厚多汁的一类植物。常见的多肉植物的分类方法有按肉质变态部位分类、按植株形态分类及按生长习性分类等3种。多肉植物的景观应用除了盆栽观赏外,还在城市绿化、屋顶绿化、垂直绿化等方面均有应用。探讨了我国多肉植物景观应用中存在的主要问题和发展趋势,其中品种单一和栽培养护不合理是限制多肉植物应用的主要问题。
Succulent plants was liked by more and more people because of its morphology unique,extensive management,diversity of varieties,fewer pest and diseases and clean the air.This paper introduced the concept,classification method and application characteristic in landscape of succulent plants.Succulent plants refers to a part of the plants that vegetative organs has developed parenchyma for the storage of water and nutrients,in the shape of thick,fleshy plants.The common classification ways of succulent plants were according to the fleshy metamorphosis parts,plant morphology,and growth habit.Besides using as potted ornamental plants,succulent plants can be used in urban greening,green roof,vertical planting.Short of cultivars and unreasonable cultivation maintenance were the main problems of succulent plants in landscape application.